This is a condition characterized by decreased levels of calcium in the bones; especially of spine, hips and forearm. This increases the likelihood of fracture at these sites. Commonly seen in females after their menopause, this is a silent epidemic. Diagnosis is by X rays and Dexa scan. Occasionally an MRI may be advised if a fracture is suspected. Osteoporosis is the commonest cause of fracture especially in elderly . These are preventable to a large extent by timely detection and treatment. Elderly ladies are advised to undergo routine screening for Osteoporosis.